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ACETONE
 
DOT ID:
ACETONE  3  UN1090  PG: II  FLAMMABLE LIQUID
 
C.A.S. Number: 67-64-1
 
 
NFPA 704:
  • Red 3    -- Flammability: Ignites at normal temperatures
  • Blue 1    -- Health Hazard: Slightly hazardous
  • Yellow 0 -- Reactivity: Normally stable
 
Reactivity Alerts  
Highly Flammable
 
Air & Water Reactions:
Highly flammable. Water soluble.
 
Fire Hazard
HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water. (ERG, 2008)
 
Health Hazard
INHALATION: vapor irritating to eyes and mucous membranes; acts as an anesthetic in very high concentrations. INGESTION: low order of toxicity but very irritating to mucous membranes. SKIN: prolonged excessive contact causes defatting of the skin, possibly leading to dermatitis. (USCG, 1999)
 
Reactivity Profile
It was reported that a mixture of ACETONE and chloroform, in a residue bottle, exploded. Since addition of acetone to chloroform in the presence of base will result in a highly exothermic reaction, it is thought that a base was in the bottle [MCA Case History 1661. 1970]. Also, Nitrosyl chloride, sealed in a tube with a residue of acetone in the presence of platinum catalyst, gave an explosive reaction [Chem. Eng. News 35(43):60. 1967]. The reaction of nitrosyl perchlorate and acetone ignites and explodes. Explosions occur with mixtures of nitrosyl perchlorate and primary amine [Ann. Chem. 42:2031. 1909]. Reacts violently with nitric acid. Also causes exothermic reaction when in contact with aldehydes.
Belongs to the Following Reactive Group(s)
Ketones
 
Response Recommendations
 
Firefighting
Do not extinguish fire unless flow can be stopped. Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Solid streams of water may be ineffective. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible. Use "alcohol" foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide. (AAR, 2003)
 
Non-Fire Response
Keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Build dikes to contain flow as necessary. Attempt to stop leak if without undue personnel hazard. Use water spray to disperse vapors and dilute standing pools of liquid. Apply water spray or mist to knock down vapors. Land spill: Dig a pit, pond, lagoon, holding area to contain liquid or solid material. Dike surface flow using soil, sand bags, foamed polyurethane, or foamed concrete. Absorb bulk liquid with fly ash, cement powder, or commercial sorbents. Water spill: Use natural barriers or oil spill control booms to limit spill travel. Remove trapped material with suction hoses. (AAR, 2003)
 
Protective Clothing
Skin: Wear appropriate personal protective clothing to prevent skin contact.

Eyes: Wear appropriate eye protection to prevent eye contact.

Wash skin: The worker should immediately wash the skin when it becomes contaminated.

Remove:
Work clothing that becomes wet should be immediately removed due to its flammability hazard(i.e. for liquids with flash point < 100°F)

Change:
No recommendation is made specifying the need for the worker to change clothing after the work shift. (NIOSH, 2003)
 
First Aid
 
EYES: First check the victim for contact lenses and remove if present. Flush victim's eyes with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes while simultaneously calling a hospital or poison control center. Do not put any ointments, oils, or medication in the victim's eyes without specific instructions from a physician. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim after flushing eyes to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop.

SKIN: IMMEDIATELY flood affected skin with water while removing and isolating all contaminated clothing. Gently wash all affected skin areas thoroughly with soap and water. If symptoms such as redness or irritation develop, IMMEDIATELY call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital for treatment.

INHALATION: IMMEDIATELY leave the contaminated area; take deep breaths of fresh air. If symptoms (such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, or burning in the mouth, throat, or chest) develop, call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital. Provide proper respiratory protection to rescuers entering an unknown atmosphere. Whenever possible, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) should be used; if not available, use a level of protection greater than or equal to that advised under Protective Clothing.

INGESTION: DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Volatile chemicals have a high risk of being aspirated into the victim's lungs during vomiting which increases the medical problems. If the victim is conscious and not convulsing, give 1 or 2 glasses of water to dilute the chemical and IMMEDIATELY call a hospital or poison control center. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim to a hospital. If the victim is convulsing or unconscious, do not give anything by mouth, ensure that the victim's airway is open and lay the victim on his/her side with the head lower than the body. DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim to a hospital. (NTP, 1992)
 
Physical Properties
 
Molecular Formula:
  • C3H6O
 
Flash Point:                 0.0 ° F (NTP, 1992)
Lower Explosive Limit:     2.6 % (NTP, 1992)
Upper Explosive Limit:    12.8 % (NTP, 1992)
Autoignition Temperature: 869.0 ° F (USCG, 1999)
Melting Point:                -137.0 ° F (NTP, 1992)
Vapor Pressure:             180.0 mm Hg at 68.0 ° F ;
                                  270.0 mm Hg at 86° F (NTP, 1992)
Vapor Density:              2.0 (NTP, 1992)
Specific Gravity:            0.791 at 68.0 ° F (USCG, 1999)
Boiling Point:                 133.0 ° F at 760 mm Hg (NTP, 1992)
Molecular Weight:            58.08 (NTP, 1992)
Water Solubility: greater than or equal to 100 mg/mL at 72° F (NTP, 1992)
AEGL: data unavailable
ERPG: data unavailable
TEEL-1          TEEL-2          TEEL-3
200.0 ppm     3200.0 ppm     5700.0 ppm             (SCAPA, 2008)
IDLH: data unavailable
 
Regulatory Information
 
Regulatory Names:
  • ACETONE
 
CAA RMP: Not a regulated chemical.
CERCLA:   Regulated chemical with a Reportable Quantity of 5000 pounds.
EHS (EPCRA 302): Not a regulated chemical.
TRI (EPCRA 313):  Not a regulated chemical.
RCRA Chemical Code: U002
 
Alternate Chemical Names
 
  • 2-PROPANONE
  • ACETONA (DOT SPANISH)
  • ACÉTONE (DOT FRENCH)
  • BETA-KETOPROPANE
  • CHEVRON ACETONE
  • DIMETHYL KETONE
  • DIMETHYLFORMALDEHYDE
  • DIMETHYLKETAL
  • KETONE PROPANE
  • KETONE, DIMETHYL
  • METHYL KETONE
  • PROPANONE
  • PYROACETIC ACID
  • PYROACETIC ETHER
  • RCRA WASTE NUMBER U002
  • UN 1090
 
Information obtained from:
Cameo Chemicals
Emergency Response Division, Office of Response and Restoration. National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
 
July 28, 2011