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ETHANOL  (CDA-19)
 
DOT ID:
ETHYL ALCOHOL, ETHANOL  3  UN1170  PG: II  FLAMMABLE LIQUID
 
C.A.S. Number:  64-17-5
 
  • FLAMMABLE LIQUID
 
NFPA 704:
  • Red 3      Flammability: Ignites at normal temperatures
  • Blue 0     Health Hazard: Like ordinary material
  • Yellow 0   Reactivity: Normally stable
 
General Description
 
A clear colorless liquid with a characteristic vinous odor and pungent taste.
Flash point 55°F.
Density 6.5 lb / gal.
Vapors are heavier than air.
 
Reactivity Alerts
 
  • Highly Flammable
 
Air & Water Reactions
 
Highly flammable. Soluble in water in all proportions.
 
Fire Hazard
FLAMMABLE. Flashback along vapor trail may occur. Vapor may explode if ignited in an enclosed area. (USCG, 1999)
 
Health Hazard
VAPOR: Irritating to eyes, nose and throat. LIQUID: Not harmful. (USCG, 1999)
 
Reactivity Profile
ETHANOL reacts violently with acetyl chloride and acetyl bromide [Rose, (1961); Merck 11th ed., 1989]. Mixtures with concentrated sulfuric acid and strong hydrogen peroxide can cause explosions. Mixtures with concentrated hydrogen peroxide form powerful explosives. Reacts readily with hypochlorous acid and with chlorine to give ethyl hypochlorite, which decomposes in the cold and explodes on exposure to sunlight or heat. Base-catalysed reactions with isocyanates should be carried out in inert solvents. Such reactions in the absence of solvents often occur with explosive violence [Wischmeyer(1969)]. Highly oxidized potassium metal was dropped into a dish of ethyl alcohol, an immediate explosion shattered the dish. Potassium superoxide was considered the cause of the reaction [Health and Safety Inf. 251(1967)]. Ethanol or methanol can ignite on contact with a platinum-black catalyst. (Urben 1794).
 
Belongs to the Following Reactive Group(s)
 
 
Response Recommendations
 
Firefighting
Do not extinguish fire unless flow can be stopped. Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Solid streams of water may be ineffective. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible. Use "alcohol" foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide. (AAR, 2003)
 
Non-Fire Response
Keep sparks, flames, and other sources of ignition away. Keep material out of water sources and sewers. Build dikes to contain flow as necessary. Attempt to stop leak if without undue personnel hazard. Use water spray to disperse vapors and dilute standing pools of liquid. Apply water spray or mist to knock down vapors. Land spill: Apply approriate foam to diminish vapor and fire hazard. Water spill: Use natural barriers or oil spill control booms to limit spill travel. Allow to aerate. (AAR, 2003)
 
Protective Clothing
Skin: Wear appropriate personal protective clothing to prevent skin contact.

Eyes: Wear appropriate eye protection to prevent eye contact.

Wash skin: The worker should immediately wash the skin when it becomes contaminated.

Remove: Work clothing that becomes wet should be immediately removed due to its flammability hazard(i.e. for liquids with flash point < 100°F)

Change: No recommendation is made specifying the need for the worker to change clothing after the work shift. (NIOSH, 2003)
 
First Aid
 
EYES: First check the victim for contact lenses and remove if present. Flush victim's eyes with water or normal saline solution for 20 to 30 minutes while simultaneously calling a hospital or poison control center. Do not put any ointments, oils, or medication in the victim's eyes without specific instructions from a physician. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim after flushing eyes to a hospital even if no symptoms (such as redness or irritation) develop.

SKIN: IMMEDIATELY flood affected skin with water while removing and isolating all contaminated clothing. Gently wash all affected skin areas thoroughly with soap and water. If symptoms such as redness or irritation develop, IMMEDIATELY call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital for treatment.

INHALATION: IMMEDIATELY leave the contaminated area; take deep breaths of fresh air. If symptoms (such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, or burning in the mouth, throat, or chest) develop, call a physician and be prepared to transport the victim to a hospital. Provide proper respiratory protection to rescuers entering an unknown atmosphere. Whenever possible, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) should be used; if not available, use a level of protection greater than or equal to that advised under Protective Clothing.

INGESTION: DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Volatile chemicals have a high risk of being aspirated into the victim's lungs during vomiting which increases the medical problems. If the victim is conscious and not convulsing, give 1 or 2 glasses of water to dilute the chemical and IMMEDIATELY call a hospital or poison control center. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim to a hospital. If the victim is convulsing or unconscious, do not give anything by mouth, ensure that the victim's airway is open and lay the victim on his/her side with the head lower than the body. DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. IMMEDIATELY transport the victim to a hospital. (NTP, 1992)
 
Physical Properties
 
Molecular Formula:
  • C2H6O
 
Flash Point:                      55.0 ° F (NTP, 1992)
Lower Explosive Limit:         3.3 % (NTP, 1992)
Upper Explosive Limit:        19.0 % (NTP, 1992)
Autoignition Temperature: 689.0 ° F (USCG, 1999)
Melting Point:                -173.4 ° F (NTP, 1992)
Vapor Pressure:             40.0 mm Hg at 66.0 ° F ;
                                  50.0 mm Hg at 77° F (NTP, 1992)
Vapor Density:                1.59 (NTP, 1992)
Specific Gravity:              0.79 at 68.0 ° F (USCG, 1999)
Boiling Point:                173.3 ° F at 760 mm Hg (NTP, 1992)
Molecular Weight:           46.07 (NTP, 1992)
Water Solubility: greater than or equal to 100 mg/mL at 73° F (NTP, 1992)
AEGL: data unavailable
ERPG: data unavailable
TEEL-1          TEEL-2          TEEL-3
3000.0 ppm    3300.0 ppm    3300.0 ppm                      (SCAPA, 2008)
 
IDLH: 3300.0 ppm Based on 10% of the lower explosive limit.
                                                                             (NIOSH, 2003)
 
Regulatory Information
 
Regulatory Names: none
CAA RMP: Not a regulated chemical.
CERCLA: Not a regulated chemical.
EHS (EPCRA 302): Not a regulated chemical.
TRI (EPCRA 313): Not a regulated chemical.
RCRA Chemical Code: none
 
 
Alternate Chemical Names
information?
This section provides a listing of alternate names for this chemical, including trade names, synonyms, and foreign names.
 
 
  • 100C.NPA
  • ABSOLUTE ETHANOLL
    • ALCARE HAND DEGERMER
    • ALCOHOL
    • ALCOHOL ANHYDROUS
    • ALCOHOL DEHYDRATED
    • ALCOHOL ETÍLICO (DOT SPANISH)
    • ALCOHOL, ANHYDROUS
    • ALCOOL ÉTHYLIQUE (DOT FRENCH)
    • ALGRAIN
    • ANHYDROL
    • ANHYDROL PM 4085
    • COLOGNE SPIRIT
    • COLOGNE SPIRITS (ALCOHOL)
    • DENATURED ALCOHOL
    • DESINFEKTOL EL
    • DUPLICATING FLUID 100C.NPA
    • ESUMIRU WK 88
    • ETANOL (DOT SPANISH)
    • ETHANOL 200 PROOF
    • ETHANOL SOLUTION
    • ETHICAP
    • ETHYL ALCOHOL
    • ETHYL ALCOHOL ANHYDROUS
    • ETHYL HYDRATE
    • ETHYL HYDROXIDE
    • ETOH
    • FERMENTATION ALCOHOL
    • GRAIN ALCOHOL
    • HINETOLESS
    • IMS 99
    • JAYSOL
    • JAYSOL S
    • METHYLCARBINOL
    • MOLASSES ALCOHOL
    • NCI-C03134
    • POTATO ALCOHOL
    • SD ALCOHOL 23-HYDROGEN
    • SDA 3A
    • SDA 40-2
    • SPIRIT
    • SPIRITS OF WINE
    • SY FRESH M
    • SYNASOL
    • TECSOL
    • TECSOL C
    • UN 1170
    • ÉTHANOL (DOT FRENCH)
     
     
    Information obtained from:
    Cameo Chemicals
    Emergency Response Division, Office of Response and Restoration. National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
     
    July 28, 2011